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In The Criminal Brain, Nicole Rafter first lays out the concept of ‘moral insanity.’  Rafter discusses the concept from an American perspective (Rush), a French perspective (Pinel), and an English one (Prichard).  
What did ‘moral insanity’ mean?  How did each of these theorists differ in their approach to the concept – and what were the implications for criminology as a science?
2-3 pages