Cold war essay

Assessment DescriptionYou must write an essay of 1500 words to be chosen from one of the following questions. Please note that no penalty will be given for essays between 1200 and 1600 words.Due DateThe essay must be submitted to Turnitin by 11.30pm on Sunday 26 September 2021. The essay has a weighting of 40% of the overall mark.Essay QuestionsWas the Cold War defined primarily by ideological differences or national interests?What are the main problems facing the UN in the twenty-first century and why?Have International Non-governmental organisations (INGOs) influenced the agendas and outcomes on human rights, poverty, or the environment? (Choose one). If so, how? If not, why not?Are international organisations merely an expression of power politics among the dominant states in international politics? If so, how? If not, why not? Discuss, giving examples.What are the causes and motives of terrorism?It is suggested that transnational crime is a threat to international security as it can destabilise countries and entire regions. If so, how? Discuss, giving examples.Assessment RequirementsImportant: For this assignment you are required to utilise at least four scholarly/academic sources. You may use academic/scholarly source material from the essential and additional readings, but if so, these must be in addition to the minimum four scholarly/academic sources required. Essays that do not comply with this requirement will be penalised.Referencing SystemYou must use either APA (in-text) or Chicago (footnotes) referencing system. It is recommended that you use the APA and Chicago referencing guide prepared by Western Sydney University Library. The link to these referencing systems is: note that while APA does not require page numbers you must include page numbers in your essay. Please also note that while Chicago does not require you to include newspaper articles in the bibliography you must include newspaper articles in the bibliography for your essay.
Scholarly/academic sources are books, chapters in books, or journal articles that conform to scholarly conventions (which you are now also expected to comply with) such as citing sources and providing evidence and argument to back up the author’s position. They are written by people who have some objective claim to be an authority on the subject. Generally, they are written by academics and published as either books or articles. Usually, journal articles that qualify are published in recognised scholarly journals where the articles are all refereed.) You should not have any trouble finding sources that meet this requirement. Almost all the non-fiction books on the university library website meet the requirement (that’s why they are there) and there are literally hundreds of relevant academic journals held by the library in electronic format. If you are not sure whether or not your sources meet the requirement you should check with your Tutor or the Unit Coordinator.Please note that encyclopaedias do not meet this requirement, and this especially applies to Wikipedia. Do not use Wikipedia. Popular magazine articles, newspaper articles, and many of the writings you find on search engines like Google do not qualify as academic/scholarly sources. (Learn to discern!) This does not mean that you cannot use them; often they are very welcome additions to your essay, particularly if you want to use very new material. If you do use them, you must cite them in exactly the same way as you would if they were academic/scholarly sources.Of course, just because a work complies with scholarly conventions does not mean it is an unquestionable authority. (Nothing is beyond question. But this does not mean that everything is of equal status or credibility). Moreover, something which does not comply with scholarly conventions, such as an opinion piece in a quality newspaper, can be of excellent quality (which is why we do not discourage you from using such sources). The point is that not all opinions have equal authority. Generally speaking, an article about some subject written by an academic authority (somebody recognised as an authority by his or her peers) and published in a reputable, peer-reviewed journal should be given more weight than a high school student’s essay on the same subject. (Both of which can be found on the internet). If you don’t already do so, you need to begin making these distinctions. An essential research skill is the application of discrimination and judgement to your internet searching (and to all other forms of searching for sources). If you have avoided or not been encouraged to research in this way, it is now time to step up and ditch your bad habits. Don’t try to manage any longer with poor techniques; they don’t belong at university.There is no upper limit to the number of sources you may utilise, but more than 10 is well and truly above the level required to impress us with your diligence. Remember, far more important than the number of sources used is their quality and relevance, and even more important is how you use them.As mentioned, apart from scholarly/academic sources you might wish to use other sources, such as newspaper and magazine articles, official sources, and television or radio reports. The latter are best found in the networks’ websites. The ABC has a particularly good website which includes transcripts of many interviews. Newspaper and magazine articles should be from appropriate newspapers and magazines, which devote considerable attention to international affairs, for instance the Sydney Morning Herald and The Australian rather than the Daily Telegraph. In other words, here too, you should select sources with authority.