Describe how the company conducts research and development (R&D) activities globally.

· Analyze the topic below in essay style (no bullet point lists!). We expect you to do your own research on the topic, that is, you should rely on (multiple) academic and non-academic sources.· All sources of information you use must be referenced properly. Please use in-text citation (e.g., APA citation).· Formatting: Times New Roman 12 pt or Arial 11pt, at least 1.2 spaced.· Required length: 3,000 words (+/- 10%) excluding bibliography, title page, and appendix, but including footnotes and headings.
For 3M, please answer the following research questions: (Only 3M company is concerned by the assignement)1. Describe how the company conducts research and development (R&D) activities globally. Your answer may cover questions such as: How international is R&D? How distributed are competencies among R&D locations? Which role does external knowledge sourcing play? How did the R&D organization evolve? Etc.2. Based on your findings in question 1, and by using the classification of international R&D organizations by Gassmann & Zedtwitz (1999), identify the form of R&D organization that best describes the company’s current form of R&D organization. Elaborate your answer.3. Discuss how the choice of international R&D organization is related to the innovation performance of firms. Explain how the R&D organization identified in question 2 influences the firm’s ability to innovate.