Discuss structural strain and generalized belief as smelse understood them in reference to (i.e. by giving illustrations from) the LA riot of 1992 (page 109) and contrast two “categories” of episodic collective behavior discussed in DL chapter 7.

Please answer each question with as little amount of words. But be sure to make all points in each question. The third question is an option between a or b. Do NOT do both. Hopefully each question will be approximatley 150 words or less. Do not use any other sources other than the textooks listed below. Also do not cite the textbooks, it is not needed.Textbooks: 1. David A. Locher, 2002, Collective behavior (Chapters 2, 8 and 7) 2. Collective Behavior and Social Movements, Reader, edited by Curtis & Aguirre (Articles 3, and 2)I have also attached handwritten notes from my lectures.
1. Berk in the article,”GAming Approach to Crowd Behavior,” details a crows situation leading up to the barricade episode and applies utilitarian decision theory to explain it. What collective/individual factors does he stress in the unfolding of the episode? That is, explain what his approach is about. Do you think that this approach has a merit in explaining compacted collective behavior? Briefly how would Turner and Killian (emergent norm) respond?2. Smelser’s “components of social action” consist of values, norms, mobilization for motivation for organized action, and situational facilites. Specify briefly what each component is about. How fo these components in their levels of specificity serve to demarcate institutionalized action from collective behavior? In your anser, refer to the short circuiting orientation of collective behavior in contrast to routine institutional procedures.3. answer A or B.a. By tracing smelsers understanding of institutional action to functionalism, indicate brieefly in what ways functionlism serves as the basis for Smelser’s characterization of institutional action on one hand and on the other collective behavior as a “deviant” action. Smelse carefully delineates what does and does not constitute collective behavior and explain why these are not collective behavior.B. Discuss structural strain and generalized belief as smelse understood them in reference to (i.e. by giving illustrations from) the LA riot of 1992 (page 109) and contrast two “categories” of episodic collective behavior discussed in DL chapter 7.