Ethics in Criminal Justice

Religion – It should come as no surprise that ethics has in the past been closely tied to religion. Religion will address the complex social issues and give people a framework from which to judge the behavior of oneself and others.Formalism/Deontology – The idea that we should judge the motives behind one’s actions – the consequences of actions.Utilitarianism – The idea that we should punish based on consequences of actions, not the reasoning behind the actions.Understand that the foundation for most ethical thought stems from the deontological and utilitarian theoretical perspectives. Though the two are quite different.Students should become familiar with the term Accountability. Note the similarities to the word ‘responsibility’. As we will see over these 8 weeks, accountability is a concept that is extremely important in criminal justice. Note how Prenzler (2010) mentions two subheadings or ways to measure accountability. One is through performance and the other is through conduct. They are so closely related it may be hard to measure them distinctly.Question to consider: How might community policing open the door for ethical problems in police work?This week’s discussion will focus on the foundational concepts for modern thinking about criminal justice ethics. Students will also consider how current policies and programs might present ethical dilemmas to criminal justice agents.1. In your opinion (please remember this must be fully supported, i.e., you must prove/support your point of view here), can peacemaking, justice, and ethics ever become fully realized? Why or why not?2. Compare and contrast Utilitarian and Deontological Approaches to Criminal Justice Ethics. As part of your response state which is the stronger as it regards ethics and policing…and most importantly why.