IMPORTANT: Make sure to reference the authors (only the last name in the text or in parenthesis) on whose writings you rely in crafting your answers. Do not use quotations from the readings, but your own words. Your answers shouldn’t be longer than 3 double-spaced pages.Please answer one of the following two questions:1. Explain and compare the importance of ideas, ideologies and mobilizing passions in populist movements. Illustrate your answer with concrete examples.Explain and illustrate the processes of mainstreaming and radicalization in populism. Aren’t they contradictory?Please answer one of the following two questions:3. Analyze and illustrate the similarities and differences between the fascist movements of the 1930s and 1940s and the contemporary populist movement in the U.S.Several of the books surveyed by Carlos Lozada seek to explain the “Great Paradox.” Explain what it is, provide examples to illustrate how it works, explain how it is connected to populism and, if you feel that it is necessary, critique it or parts of it.