Explain how you are contributing to the previous works.

Please come up with a narrow research question pertaining to state politics and the impact of partisanship in state governments. There must be a state dependent variable (DV) and independent variable (IV). This must be analyzed throughout the paper.
Paper must be 8 pages not including reference page, 11 point font, and use section heading in bold font to separte the paper. Please include page numbers.
Required sections of the paper:IntroductionLiterature ReviewTheory and hypothesisResearch designReferences (work cited)*use subsections if needed*
Introduction.State the basic research question. Briefly summarize what previous research found on that question (or closely related question). Briefly summarize theory and hypothesis. How are those things similar or different than previous research? Where does your paper fit in the debate on the topic?
Literature review. There should be a tad of a literature review in the Introduction, include an in-depth review in this separate section. What sorts of theories and hypotheses did earlier research have? What did they find empirically (in their statistical analyses)? Where does your paper fit into the literature? How do the various works relate to your question? At this point of the paper, start pointing out (critiquing) the existing work. Explain how you are contributing to the previous works.
The literature review should be comprehensive enough to fully educate the reader about the paper topic. *I will ask for a rewrite if I do not think this is clear enough when reviewing* Assume the reader knows nothing about the topic. In addition to placing research within the literature, the literature review will give the building blocks like concepts, existing theories tha will use in writing up the Theory section.
Don’t do boxcar method. Do try and organize/group papers together by theme (such as, say, separating research into two competing views, etc.). You don’t need to summarize each paper/book you cite. Just discuss the main relevant point as you bring up those works in your literature review.
Theory. Explain the mechanisms/dynamics of the topic that are at work. How are you similar or different from previous theories that were discussed in the Literature Review section? Start this section by discussing the strengths and weaknesses of previous work, then moving on to your theory. Perhaps you don’t have a totally new theory, but you are coming up with a slightly different hypothesis. Or you can give some further development of some theory to motivate a hypothesis that earlier work has already considered. When you talk about your theory, be sure to be clear about what your assumptions are. For instance, if it’s something about voting, be clear aboutwhat you think voters care about. Or if it’s about countries, be clear what you are assuming countries care about (what their goals are). The theory is essentially you explaining logical connections between things – i.e., explaining why your independent variable influences your dependent variable.
Hypothesis. Based on the theory proposed, the hypothesis is the prediction of the relationship between the dependent and independent variables provided. Is it a positive or negative relationship? Or comparing between groups, which group(s) have higher value(s) of the dependent variable? Actually type out the hypothesis on a separate line so it is super clear.Hypothesis: An increase in X leads to an increase in Y.
Research design. This section must explain the understanding about measurement and units of analysis. That is, you do not need to go in-depth into explainingexactly what sort of analysis you would carry out. You need to think of some measure(s)that actually measures the concepts (independent and dependent variables) you talk aboutin your theory and hypothesis. This is one reason why you do a literature review – to getideas about how to measure concepts from what previous researchers have used.
What you need measures for:First, what is your unit of analysis?Dependent variable. You might have alternative measures, so list all possibilities.Remember how researchers sometimes use multiple measures to see how robust theirfindings are.Yourmain independent variable. Similar to the DV, you might have alternativemeasures, so list all possibilities.Othercontrol variables(less central independent variables). Things, besides yourmain independent variable, that also influence the dependent variable. These are notcentral to your paper, but as you will learn in class, it is important to account for theseother variables when doing a statistical analysis.Discuss what type of measure it is (nominal, ordinal, etc.). Also mention where such data are available or how you could go about in actually collecting that data.