Jazz

Jazz styles/eras comparison research paper Due Monday 11/1/21You will write a 4-5 page paper, typed, double-spaced, and 12 point font. Use Spelling and Grammar Check.Goal: To compare and contrast two jazz styles, and to use the music of two prominent jazz musicians, mentioned in our textbook as examples of each of those styles. You will chose and write about two pieces, one by each of the two musicians you chose, to illustrate characteristics of those styles. This is not strictly a biography paper, though you must include some biographical information about each of the jazz musicians you choose. Most of your writing should be about the music itself. So you will write about:• 2 styles or eras of jazz• 2 famous jazz musicians, one from each of the styles you chose.• 2 tunes, one by each of the two musicians.You must make the case for why the tunes you chose are good examples of the styles they are from.You must pick tunes that do not have listening guides in the textbook. Whatever artists and pieces you choose, check them with me before you write the paper.Select two jazz musicians who are mentioned in our textbook (one from each style) and one of each musician’s recorded tunes.Here is a list of styles from which you can choose. Early Jazz-New Orleans/ChicagoSwingBebopCool Jazz Hard BopModal JazzFree JazzSoul JazzJazz Rock/FusionPost 1980 Acoustic jazz
In your own way, using your own knowledge, listening skills and appropriate, correctly cited source materials, write a coherent article that contains the follow things:• Comparison of historical time periods when the styles you chose werepredominant: Your description of the time periods should include the approximate dates when each of these styles was a leading, or cutting edge style in jazz and at least two, preferably more, historical (non-musical) events happening in the US during each of these time periods. Be sure to include dates of these events as well. Comment on, or summarize similarities or differences between the culture and current events of the two time periods you choose.• Some biographical information about each of the two musicians you chose. That should include dates of their lives (for musicians still living that will only a birth date), where they were born or grew up, where they pursued their careers, musicians who influenced them, prominent musicians they may have played with, and important developments in their careers.• Description of each jazz style you chose and a comparison of them: In your own way, describe and compare the overall qualities and the particular musical characteristics of each style/era. Be sure to give at least two examples of similarities or differences between the musical styles of the two periods. Your comments on each style should include the size of typical bands during that time, which instruments were commonly used, typical song form and format of tune, whether tunes performed in that jazz style were usually derived from ragtime, or taken from musical theater, or were original jazz compositions, etc. You might also describe how closely related a typical jazz tune was (or the way jazz musicians played it) to the popular music of the time when they were recorded. Were these tunes pop tunes of their day, or very different than pop?3• A concise (short, to the point) guide to each tune. That should include the following:• Some background information on the two pieces you chose: Describe both piecesyou choose to write on, including titles and the bandleader and composers’ names,and dates of the recordings.• A brief description of each piece Your comments on these pieces should includedescriptions of the instruments and/or voices used. Include the type of ensemble (trio, quartet, big band, etc.) as well as the instruments in the band. Describe the major events (that may indicate the beginning of sections) in the piece (ex. intro, melody, trumpet solo for 3 choruses….. as in the listening guides in the textbook). You could also include comments on the basic elements of music such as meter, dynamics, density of texture, amount of syncopation, etc . You do not need to include timings. You should not create timelines for the tunes.• Explain why each piece is typical of its jazz style/era. This is a critical part of your paper.• A conclusion that ties your ideas and the supporting details together. The conclusion and the introduction should fit together well.You may use YouTube to listen to the pieces, but be aware that what you hear on that source is often not the whole tune or a performance by the correct artist. Listening to CD’s or purchased downloads, or a service like Rhapsody or Spotify is more reliable.You must tell where you got ideas that are not your own. You must credit the research sources you use even when paraphrasing them (except for your class notes, which you may consider part of your own knowledge). That includes books, articles and websites. To cite the source of an idea or quotation, put an MLA style reference in parentheses, for example (Grove 15) which refers to the book and the page number, in your text right after the idea, and a more complete description of your source in a bibliography (also known as “Works Cited”) at the end of your paper. If using an exact quote, use quotation marks in addition to the normal citation at the end of the paper. Use and list at least 3 research sources, including at least one book (other than your textbook). Do not just copy4information out of your textbook. Most of your research should come from other sources. Youtube is not a research source, though it is useful. Think of it as a media player.Your paper will be judged on the quality of the writing as well as what you have to say about the music. Write a coherent article that you would be interested in reading. Include facts, but draw conclusions. The paper is due on the exact date on the syllabus. Your grade will suffer dramatically if I get it late. Submit your paper in a commonly used format (word, google docs, pages) via email or shared document.Help: Writing help is available in the Academic Success Center. To get help with writing and references you can make an appointment. Check online for how to do that. If you have questions they can’t answer, see me or call as far in advance of the due date as possible.Style and formatUse the Modern Language Association (MLA) format for in-text citations and your“works cited” page. If you aren’t sure how to do this, the first place to look for guidance is our college website. Scroll to the bottom of the college homepage, then under “quick links”, click “library”, click the “research help” tab, and scroll to “citation resources”. You can then choose either “Easybib” or “Citation Guide”. You must set up an account to use “easybib”. If you click on “Citation Guide”, which does not require a separate account, click on the “MLA” tab to get to another list of resources. The Purdue OWL to MLA style is particularly good.
5Research resourcesUse other sources of information besides just the class textbook or class notes. Using three or more resources, especially books (not including the class textbook) is better than just one or two.• The Jennings Library-look up books at the computer terminal (Calcat) in the library or use Calcat online, which you can get to directly through the library home page, under the “Books and Media” tab. Books about jazz are on the second floor in the stacks. Interesting looking books there include:“Visions of jazz : the first century” Giddins, Gary (ML385 .G53).“Jazz, a History of America’s Music” (ML 3506 .W37) by Geoffrey C. Ward and Ken Burns: a companion text to the Ken Burns video series“A New History of Jazz” by Alyn Shipton. (ML3506 .S47).“ Early Jazz” and “The Swing Era” Gunther Schuller: these are classic academic texts.• The Internet-sites to try:o www.Redhotjazz.com -this site has a lot of good info and audio clips of earlyjazzo www.Hypermusic.ca/jazz -short bios of musicians, etc. o www.questia.com -An online library resourceOtherwise, stick to academic websites or those of major news organizations. Avoid websites with lots of personal opinions.
6Here is a checklist of what your paper should include. But remember, this should be a well-written article, not just a list of answers to questions. How well you write will have a big impact on your grade.Checklist• Historical description of the time period of each jazz style o Dates ofo Two or more historical events during that time, including dates of events• Names and brief, pertinent biographical information about the two prominent jazzmusicians mentioned in the textbook.• Description and comparison of general characteristics of the jazz styles-include at least 2 differences or similarities.• A Listening guide for each tune chosen• A description of why each piece is typical of its jazz style/era• A conclusion• A good bibliography or “sources cited” pageo References to your sourceso References to those sources in your text, using numbers or other means ofconnecting parts of your text to the source of that information you listed in your