Please Answer the following questions: 1. In twoor more paragraphs: Explain Descartes line of skeptical reasoning that leads him to doubt the reality of an external world, then explain his argument that cannot doubt that his own existence. 2. In two or more paragraphs:In your own words, summarize Russells argument that induction is not a justified predictor of future eventssuch as that the sun will rise tomorrow. What counterargument does Strawson offer in response to Russells Problem of Induction? 3. In three or more paragraphs: Explain the philosophical quandary known as the mind-body problem. Explain the dualist response and the physicalist answer to this problem. Finally, outline Nagel or Jacksons arguments against physicalism as well as Lewis or Churchlands counterarguments. 4. In three or more paragraphs: Outline the differences of the following philosophical positions: determinism, indeterminism, compatibilism, hard incompatibilism. Overview either Stace or Frankfurts argument in favor of a compatibilist view. Finally, explain William James practical reason for rejecting determinism outright. 5. In three or more paragraphs: What does Locke believe is required for a person to maintain personal identity over time? How does this contrast with the bundle theory of the Buddhists and Hume? Finally, outline why Parfit believes that personal identity over time is not what is important to us.
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