Theories and Models of Crisis Response

To understand effective service delivery inresponse to critical incidents, helping professionals must firstunderstand theories of how individuals process crisis and models forresponding to survivors. For example, being aware of the ChildhoodSexual Abuse Accommodation Syndrome can help sexual trauma practitionersconceptualize the cognitive processing of sexual abuse from theperspective of the child or adult survivor (Summit, 1992). Othertheories include the eco-systemic theory (the effects of crisis affectmore than just the survivor), the constructivist self-development theory(each individual constructs the meaning of his or her own traumaticevent), and the resilience theory (the ability to recover from crisisevents). Models provide techniques for working with crisis survivors,including but not limited to Psychological First Aid and suicideprevention models. Familiarity with theories and models related tocrisis and crisis intervention provides important foundational knowledgethat informs effective response to survivors.Forthis Assignment, select three theories and/or response models that areused when working with survivors of critical incidents and that youthink are particularly valuable.The Assignment (2–3 pages):Briefly describe each of the theories/models you selected.For each, explain its value in helping individual(s) who haveexperienced or are experiencing crisis, trauma, or disaster. Be specificand provide examples to illustrate your points.James, R. K., & Gilliland, B. E. (2017). Crisis intervention strategies (8th ed.). Boston, MA: Cengage Learning.Chapter 1, “Approaching Crisis Intervention”
“Theories of Crisis and Crisis Intervention” (pp. 14-19)“Crisis Intervention Models” (pp. 19-23)“Eclectic Crisis Intervention Theory” (pp. 22-23)
Jirek, S. L. (2017). Narrative reconstruction and post-traumatic growth among trauma survivors: The importance of narrative in social work research and practice. Qualitative Social Work, 16(2), 166-188.
Myer, R. A., & Moore, H. B. (2006). Crisis in context theory: An ecological model. Journal of Counseling & Development, 84(2), 139–147.
Roberts, A. R., & Ottens, A. J. (2005). The seven-stage crisis intervention model: A road map to goal attainment, problem solving, and crisis resolution. Brief Treatment and Crisis Intervention, 5(4), 329–339. Retrieved from
Ruzek, J. I., Brymer, M. J., Jacobs, A. K., Layne, C. M., Vernberg, E. M., & Watson, P. J. (2007). Psychological first aid. Journal of Mental Health Counseling, 29(1), 17–49.