What are the biggest cybersecurity threats facing the Water and sewerage and what can be done to mitigate them?

The digitisation and automation of the critical infrastructure sector continues to evolve at an unprecedented rate. The increase of ‘everything-connected’, the emergence of the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT), and Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS), are transforming the way people interact with engineered systems. Such systems nowadays operate in critical industry domains such as mining, manufacturing, agriculture, health, power grids, smart buildings and transportation. Such systems integrate sensing, actuation, computation, control and networking into physical devices, connected to each other and to the Internet, and so making these systems vulnerable to different types of sophisticated cyber-attacks. Thus, researchers and industry practitioners face challenges in better adapting to the widespread adoption of information and communication technology in critical infrastructure organisations and understanding their operations, including relevant cybersecurity technical and regulatory requirements. Every year, reports based on analysis of cyber-incidents are produced, with a detailed insight into the cyber security threats different industries face when new technological advancements are introduced to their organisations and systems. E.g. the Data Breach Investigations Report from Verizon and the Impact of Covid- 19 on Enterprise IT Security Teams from ICS2 reveal what’s really happening in cybersecurity.
What are the biggest cybersecurity threats facing the Water and sewerage and what can be done to mitigate them?