What are the lessons about how to make globalization work for local communities?

Videos :Banana Wars – US Occupation in Central America for A Fruit CompanyThe dark history of bananas – John Soluri
The Banana WarsBegan when European governments started giving preferential treatment (no tariffs) on bananas coming in from former colonies.The transnational companies protested saying this was unfair.
Transnational corporations used economies of scale in the banana trade and also reduced costs by controlling ships, containers and warehouses in the banana distribution cyclePrices are also low because yields are high as a result of heavy fertilizer and pesticide use, thus the amount grown often exceeds demand.Wages are kept low by growing in countries with cheaper labour
In 1992 the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development, also called the Earth Summit, was held to discuss how governments and organizations could encourage economic development while protecting the environment.
Concerns brought to the forefront includedLoss of forests that lead to soil erosion and flooding. (60% of forests in Costa Rica have been cleared)The destruction of natural habitats leading to a reduction in biodiversity, the variety of plant and animal species.Reduction in biodiversity leads to risk of crop destruction by pests and disease.
Heavy use of fertilizers, herbicides, and pesticides are hazardous to the health of the workers, human health in general, and runs off into our water systems harming other wildlife.Indigenous peoples are often displaced – forced off their land losing their traditional way of life
Environmental destruction of the land due to the heavy use of chemicals has led to a loss in ability to feed themselves/earn a living
Conserving CommunitiesThe world is essentially a two-party system. One is the party of the global economy, and the other is the party of local community.By Wendell Berry
Please study the article and videos and answer the following questions:
Why is globalization environmentally problematic or environmentally beneficial, in your own view?
Throughout these readings, there are several cases of United Fruit company attempting to increase their “market power” or “monopoly control.” What are monopolies considered a disadvantage?
How do some forces of globalization present challenges to identity?
What are the lessons about how to make globalization work for local communities?
Can you point to examples of positive impacts of globalization on these developing nations, as well as negative impacts? Do you think these communities should follow Wendell Berry’s advice?