What could be more “natural” than sex?

What could be more “natural” than sex?It is easy to think of sex as all about “the birds and the bees,” which isanother way of saying that it is easy to think of sex as rooted inbiology. And, of course, sex is about biology in some importantways. First, our sex at birth (as well as our sexual orientation) resultsfrom biological processes. Second, more broadly, sex is an evolutionarystrategy for the survival and enhancement of our species. Darwin had thispart figured out more than 150 years ago. But, as the text points out, thetendency to see patterns of human behavior as nothing more thanexpressions of biology can lead to a great deal ofmisunderstanding. As Chapter 6 explains, although sex does involveour biology, human beings are cultural creatures who experience sex (andeverything else) through the lens of meaning. That is, humans arenot concerned simply with behavior or with experiencing what feels good ina physical sense; we try to understand all behavior in terms of itsmeaning. If someone you find attractive smiles at you, for example, thefirst thing that comes to your mind is “Wow. What does that smile mean?”In short, sex is one element of culture; the meanings we attach to sex arethose made available to us by the cultural system in which we exist. As anelement of culture, sex is inseparable from the operation ofsociety. The lesson that human behavior is never a simple reflectionof biology has important applications. For example, in the same waythat people can easily, but incorrectly, view sex as a simple expressionof biology, so they can easily but incorrectly view gender—social patternslinked to being female or male—as a simple expression of biology; as wesaw last week, what we call “feminine” or “masculine” turns out to be notsimple biological facts but mostly a creation of society.What personal benefits do we gain from recognizing that sexuality is acreation of society? A major benefit is learning not to think about sexualityin clear-cut categories of “right” and “wrong.” Sexual patterns that seemnatural to people living in one society are quite strange to people livingelsewhere. What was viewed as right at one point in time may not be seen thesame way today. In fact, even in one time and place, it is very difficult todescribe patterns of sexual behavior using any rigid generalizations—peoplediffer too much. For example, not everyone fits neatly into categories such asstraight or gay—or even into categories like male orfemale.Based on what you have read in this chapter, what evidence supports theargument that sexuality is constructed by society?Define race,ethnicity, and minority. How are these concepts distinct and in what waysmight they overlap?Biologistssometimes argue that, from their perspective, race is of little or no realsignificance. How would a sociologist respond to such a claim? Makereference to the Thomas theorem.Watch: (https://digital-films-com.mxcc.idm.oclc.org/p_ViewVideo.aspx?xtid=49736&tScript=0) Discuss and give atleast three examples, including a public policy regarding housing, of someways in which one’s racial designation has determined the possibilitiesfor one’s social and political participation.