What does Gramsci mean by “hegemony” (according to Scott)?

James Scott argues that people are never simply the victims of what Gramsci termed “hegemony.” Instead, they continually penetrate, critique, or otherwise invert the moral valence of dominant discourses.
What does Gramsci mean by “hegemony” (according to Scott)?Why is Scott so critical of his understanding of the processes by which people come to “consent to their own domination”?What, specifically, does the “hidden transcript” allow us to see about the capacity of the subordinate for resistance and creative reformulation?And how does attention to the continuous interplay between public and hidden transcripts help us (or fail to help us) make sense of one of the following recent events?
The aim of this first short essay is to use the questions provided to explore the author’s central argument as you understand it and to then apply that author’s perspective to a recent event. Respond to the sub-questions beneath it in any order that you like. You do not need to respond to all the sub-questions – they are meant simply as prompts to allow you to return to the texts in greater detail.
You should spend approximately 5 pages engaging directly with the theorist/s from the subject, and approximately 2 pages exploring the relevance of their theoretical framework for understanding one of the contemporary socio-political events listed at the end of this assessment guide.
USE at least 3-4 references, which should be drawn from the required readings, the supplementary readings, and/or sources referred to in the required readings.
TWO IMPORTANT NOTES:(1) A close and textured reading of the primary theorists. This is exceedingly important. For this essay, return to the 2 MAIN readings and to engage the arguments of our authors with detail and care, drawing directly from the texts to support your central points. (80%)
AND
(2) A critical engagement with the strengths and limitations of the theoretical framework in question via an analysis of one relatively contemporary event. How does the framework you have been exploring shed light on the event in question? What questions does it demand that we ask of that event? And what do you want to know more about that the framework does not help you to answer? (20%)
REQUIRED ANALYSIS USING THIS EVENT: https://www.opendemocracy.net/en/transformation/on-reparations-the-question-isnt-if-but-when-and-how/