6.1. When should formal juvenile probation be used?6.2. What options do juvenile court judges have for the institutionalization of delinquents? Discuss each.7.3. How did gangs develop in the United States?7.4. Explain the relationship between race and ethnicity and gang involvement.8.5. What factors are associated with youth gun violence?8.6. What factors have been linked to teen dating violence?9.7. What is cyberbullying and what can be done to control it?9.8. What is the difference between cyberstalking and cyber-harassment?10.9. What is a juvenile drug treatment court (JDTC) and what is the purpose of drug courts?10.10. What are some examples of both ineffective and effective juvenile programs in the United States?